There are 182 District Court Judges, not including the Chief District Court Judge, the Principal Family Court Judge, the Principal Youth Court Judge and the National Executive Judge.* District Court Judges include among their numbers the six Environment Court Judges and four judges working full-time in other roles, such as the Chief Coroner and Chair of the Independent Police Conduct Authority.
Acting-Warranted Judges sit part-time throughout the country as required (or in non-judicial roles). Part-time Acting-Warranted Judges are usually judges who have retired from full-time judging. Judges must retire from full-time judging at the age of 70, although they may be appointed for a further two years on an acting-warrant.
Judges are permanently based in 26 main centres, but travel to other courts on circuit. While every District Court Judge can preside over minor criminal matters, many judges specialise in particular aspects of the District Court system: jury trials, family, youth, civil or ACC appeals.
Please note that the Environment Court is not a division of the District Court, but all Environment Court Judges are considered District Court Judges.
District Court Judges may preside over cases in any District Court in the country. However, each judge has a home court where they are based and deal with most of their cases. Because not all courts have resident judges, many judges will travel to smaller circuit courts to hear cases on a regular basis.